Easy Vegetable Gardening for Today’s Dinner
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Growing vegetables in your own garden is a fun-filled experience. With the help of hydroponic vegetable gardening you can grow a wide range of vegetables like tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, cucumber, cabbage etc and not worry about outdoor temperatures and pests that damage plants. Here are some tips you can follow for easy vegetable gardening:
Decide which vegetables you wish to grow with indoor gardening. Once you decide upon your choice of vegetables, get plant cuttings or seeds of those vegetables from local nursery or gardener friends of yours. If you buy soil-grown seedlings, then select the ones that are 2 to 3 inches in height with at least one set of true leaves. Rinsing the soil off the root system allows you to plant soil-grown seedlings into hydroponics medium. You can use nutrient media like coco coir, sand, vermiculate, perlite or peat to grow culinary plants.
Hydroponic vegetable gardening can be practiced with various systems. Beginners will find deep water or ebb and flow system easy and helpful. Another famous system for home gardening is wick system. In wick system, cotton or nylon wicks are suspended from growing tray into the nutrient medium and because of capillary action of wicks; nutrient solution is carried to the plant roots. Deep water culture (DWC) is a hydroponic method of plant production by means of suspending the plant roots in a solution of nutrient rich, oxygenated water. In ebb and flow system, containers are filled with an inert medium which does not function like soil or contribute nutrition to the plants but which anchors the roots and functions as a temporary reserve of water and solvent mineral nutrients. The hydroponic solution alternately floods the system and is allowed to ebb away.
Next step in hydroponic gardening is to choose grow lights. Remember that vegetables do not require harsh light. They grow well under light from compact fluorescent lamps. CFL bulbs are energy efficient full spectrum gas discharge source of light. You can induce your harvest by cutting back on time the time that your lights are on.
Keep checking pH of the nutrient media and water as vegetables do not like too acidic or too alkaline medium. Maintain pH in the range of 6 to 6.5. Adjust the pH by adding phosphoric acid or potassium hydroxide, depending on the current pH.
Make sure that the area in which you are growing vegetables is not too moist because otherwise there is a threat of fungal infestation. Keep an eye for signs of the diseases and insects that typically affect the type of vegetables you have planted. In case you find any pest attack, it is advisable to get rid of that particular plant. However, if the attack is on a larger scale, you can use organic pesticides like Neem oil and soap water.
By following above mentioned tips, you can grow your own fresh, nutritious, and healthy vegetables without having to worry about chemical pesticide infested market vegetables and their ever-increasing prices.