Indoor Plant Care and Feeding Tips for Hydroponic Gardening
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Plants grow well with proper nurturing and care. This applies especially for indoor plants because they are not growing in their natural habitat. Indoor gardening not only requires proper set-up and precision but also plant care. Fundamental elements like light, clean air, water, food etc are to be provided in proper amounts to ensure healthy growth of indoor plants and hydroponic gardening.
Plants make their own food and this process is called as photosynthesis. As the name denotes, this process is dependent on light (photo=light, synthesis=to make). Indoor plants grown in your indoor hydroponic garden should be provided with ample amount of light to simulate the outdoor growing environment. However, make sure you do not go for harsh light sources as they tend to damage plant roots. In case of greenhouses or hydroponic gardening, you can choose from a variety of lighting options like HPS bulbs or metal halides bulbs. Compact fluorescent lamps also work great in case of indoor plants like cactus and aloe. Provision of proper light is important in plant care.
Water and other physical factors:
Provide enough water to your indoor plants, however, do not over water them. Though there is no guide for the amount of water required by each plant, experience can act as your best teacher. Similarly in case of factors like temperature, pH of soil or nutrient media in case of hydroponic gardening, humidity etc. it will differ from plant to plant. To provide appropriate humid conditions, you can spray the leaves with water from time to time or place plants in a tray of wet pebbles.
Plant care and feeding in terms of nutrients to promote their growth helps plant grow healthily. In case of indoor gardening, plants have to be fertilized once in fourteen days. Go for fertilizers with proper N: P: K (Nitrogen: Phosphorus: Potassium) ratio. If you wish to avoid using chemical fertilizers, you can go with organic and completely natural options like green manure, compost, kelp etc. Other than these macro-elements, you use supplements for plant feeding. Supplementary diet will provide micro-nutrients like calcium, manganese, magnesium and iron to your plants.
Pest infestation and diseases:
Indoor plants too are liable to get attacked by pests and diseases. Make sure that the surrounding where the plants are grown is clean and dry to avoid fungus or rot infestation. You can make use of pesticides in case they attack your plants; however remember that prevention is always a better option than cure.
Pruning of indoor plants:
Many people think that pruning is not that essential and can be avoided. But it is a misconception. Pruning is not required just to get desired shape and size, but also to grow healthy indoor plants. If plants are not pruned properly, they grow up to be tilted and off balance. This is a problem for indoor plants as there is no space for them to spread. So make sure you prune the plants regularly with the help of clean and sterilized equipment.
If you diligently follow all the aforementioned guidelines and provide gentle care to your indoor plants, you will definitely get to see healthy plants and improve your yields significantly.