I felt really sad, knowing I had disillusioned my medical marijuana plants. And know I had twice as much work as if I could just suspiciously measure my hydroponics nutrients the first time!
I had to exhaust away the fresh nutrients, fill the res with overturn osmosis water, add in a concentrated dose of Final Phase, wash out the plants for three hours, draw off the flush water, fill the reservoir again, carefully measure the correct nutrients quantity (a little low because of the over-fertilization and with a little extra B-52 (because B-vitamins help stressed plants), and hope for the best.
It took me many hours, and cost me in wasted hydroponics nutrients, wasted water, wasted reverse osmosis water, wasted electricity, wasted my energy too and injured plants.
I lost approximate 10% of my leaves due to the over-fertilization, and my Sour Diesel and Kali Mist plants stalled for a few days.
This means I lost three days of bud size increase and resin production, and extended my bloom phase. This cost me money, time and energy.
Also, I’m pretty sure I damaged my root systems due to the overload salts and the overwatering caused by the flush and re-feed.
Now look, obviously I’m not a stud like Peyton Manning…and throwing a horrendous, unforced, overtime, season-ending interception in front of millions of people is more depressing than me harming my marijuana plants.
Still, let’s recognize that unforced errors are the most common errors in our cannabis grow rooms.
Here’s hoping you only throw marijuana growing touchdowns as you cultivate the world’s most powerful plant. Light up a Super Bowl of Marijuana bud to celebrate a growing season without game-losing unforced errors!
Hydroponics is essentially a branch of agriculture where you grow plants without soil. In place of soil you can use a nutrient solution which is prepared by dissolving nutrients in water. The nutrient solution gives your plants the nutrients that otherwise would be derived from soil. Etymologically, ‘hydroponics’ comes from the Greek words ‘hydro’ – water, and ‘ponos’ – work. Hydroponics is a technique of plant cultivation that primarily uses water as a base; or in other words, it is a soil-less cultivation process. In the absence of soil to source nutrients from, hydroponics uses methods like the nutrient film technique (NFT) to gather plant nutrition. Hydroponics does not mean your plants are left completely at the mercy of water. There are, of course, different types of growing media that you can use in place of soil, and tested hydroponics nutrients developed by companies who have years of proven success in developing these formulations. You can use hydroponic growing media like perlite, gravel, sand, coir among other materials in place of soil, depending on the crop you choose to grow hydroponically.
Hydroponics has countless benefits to offer to its growers. With the population soaring and arable land becoming more and more scarce and costly, this revolutionary technology is becoming increasingly popular. Plants can be grown in greenhouses, multilevel buildings, basement or rooftops. Rooftop gardening using hydroponics system is also becoming prevalent in bigger cities where the cost of procuring land is very high.
As the process of growing plants using hydroponics is easy and convenient, it is increasingly becoming easier to become an amateur grower. You grow more plants in the same surface area as compared to what you could grow using soil-based cultivation techniques. This is an eco- friendly technique which will help save water and you can even recycle it to save this priceless and limited resource. You can use hydroponic growing media like perlite, gravel, sand, coir among other materials in place of soil, depending on the crop you choose.
The yield from hydroponics is much higher – almost 30-35% more and the quality of food much better. With food shortage crises plaguing the world, hydroponics could be a plausible solution to the impending food scarcity. Since hydroponics takes up less space, it won’t interfere with existing green cover by decreasing forest space that might be converted to agricultural zones.
Moreover, hydroponics is not climate dependent and is most effective when the plants are grown indoors. Just because it’s winter, you need not let go of the opportunity to grow the tomatoes you love so much, lovingly sun-drying them later to use in warm offerings of food. You no longer have to spend time worrying about the right season and the right weather to grow your crops in. Hydroponic gardening liberates you from all those hitherto unavoidable natural weather conditions that prevented you from growing your choicest crops throughout the year.
This kind of gardening is best achieved if you grow your crops in an indoor grow room or a climate-controlled greenhouse. Using systems that deliver precise artificial light to your hydroponics garden and temperature mechanisms, you can simulate the heat and light conditions that plants might naturally grow in. Hydroponic gardening is fun because it gives you a great amount of control on what you grow and where you grow it. So jump on the hydroponics bandwagon as soon as you can!
In summer, excessive heat can dehydrate your plants, especially true for plants which are grown in places with very high day temperatures. Dehydration leads to stress and nutritional deficiency in plants. In summers we all wish that outdoor gardening to become less stressful with minimum rounds of watering and nutrients supply to get rid of sweat and hot weather. But, with the help of good hydroponic products specifically manufactured for summer you can grow plants without any exertion.
One simple way to avoid excessive summer heat is by growing plants indoor and ensuring that plants get adequate light, by using various lighting solutions and technologies available on the market. Nutrition depends on the growing medium you use, as each growing medium has different amounts of trace nutrients and micronutrients. Inexperienced growers and professional growers can simply use ready-to-use nutrient solutions available in any hydroponic store which have been scientifically tested on specific growing mediums such as coco, soil, and rockwool.
It’s very important to understand that the nutrient formulas you use during summer season should be engineered in such a way that it contains all the hydroponics nutrients and co-factors your plants need for earlier growth.
Exact nutrients needed for summer: The correct nutrients needed in an ideal nutrient solution are – nitrogen (ammonia and urea), phosphate, soluble potassium, sulfur, iron, manganese and zinc. Iron, manganese and zinc should be water soluble as they are secondary nutrients needed in less percentage. These nutrients are derived from ammonium nitrate, ammonium phosphate, urea, potassium nitrate, potassium sulfate, iron oxide, iron sulfate, manganese oxide, manganese sulfate, zinc oxide and zinc sulfate. Because of this perfect blend you don’t have to spend time for gardening in hot air and humidity. It gives a perfect beginning to your plants to fight against pests and diseases at the later stage.
More on Hydroponics
With space and cultivable land becoming a constraint, especially in urban and semi-urban areas, hydroponics, a soilless method of growing plants is fast gaining prominence. This convenient and simple eco-friendly technique for gardening uses water and nutrient solution in place of soil for your plants’ growth. Hydroponics helps you to:
- Increase yield
- Reduce your carbon footprint
- Grow healthier and aromatic fruits, flowers and vegetables
In the world of hydroponics it is extremely important to select the correct equipment while setting up your hydroponic system. Also ensure that you take care of the following:
- Grow Lights: Grow lights stimulate photosynthesis and are the most important hydroponic equipment in your grow room. It is pertinent that you choose the grow lights based on the plants’ requirements.
- Pump: Basically there are two types of pumps available in the market – submersible and non-submersible. You should select depending on the kind of output you expect from the pump.
- Growing Medium: Hydroponic involves use of various kinds of growing medium like coco coir, rockwool, etal. To choose the correct growing medium for your plant is essential for the success of your garden. Aeroponics and NFT systems use air as a growing medium. With an exception of these two systems, all other major hydroponics system will require a growing medium. While selecting a growing medium, ensure that you check the moisture retention and air retention capacity of the medium.
- Quality Hydroponic Nutrients: The nutrients that are widely available in your neighborhood stores might not be the best choice for your hydroponic plants as it lacks some of the essential micro and macro nutrients required by your plant. Try and purchase nutrients that are meant to be used for hydroponic gardens.
- pH test kit: To have a healthy hydroponic garden, it is imperative that you maintain a proper pH balance. The best way to do this is to regularly check the pH balance of your nutrient solution.
While adopting hydroponic techniques to grow your plants is a definite step towards sustainable and responsible agriculture, there’s much more you can do to become the most environmentally-friendly hydroponics grower on the block.
To power your hydroponics system, you will need a source of energy. Natural gas, propane, fuel, oil and electricity are some of the choices available to you. Coal was also used earlier, but it caused tremendous air pollution. Hydroponics systems could be equipped cheaply, but it is also possible to look for a clean fuel that is within your budget.
High-intensity discharge lamps are a popular method of lighting up hydroponic greenhouses presently; however, the operating costs of such lighting systems could be high, since they eat up a lot of electricity. To use them, you have to be setting up your hydroponics greenhouse in an area with low electricity charges. Otherwise, it is hard for vegetables grown thus to compete with what is grown in winter greenhouse in regions with good sunlight.
Your hydroponics system should be supplied with enough water and also flushed regularly around harvests to keep it clean. Nowadays, hydroponics growers are very concerned about the quality of water they use, especially since large amounts of water are used in a small volume of growing medium. The interaction between dissolved chemical elements in the water and the properties of the growing medium that is suffused with water are vital to the process of growing hydroponic plants.
Hydroponics growers must carefully select a mix of hydroponic nutrients to nourish their plants with. There are both chemical and organic nutrients that you can use on your plants. However, what you finally add to your hydroponic nutrient solution must be a careful selection of what your plants need most, which you must assess before buying up everything a salesperson at the local hydroponics store recommends to you!
Hydroponic vegetable gardening is acceptable not aloof the accessible best for anyone but additionally alive out as a ancillary amusement for bodies who accept absorption in gardening. Hydroponic vegetable breadth helps you abound your best of crops and plants and additionally advantageous plants to attending at and additionally how abundant you want? which blazon of crops or plants to grow. Hydroponics simply agency growing plants with the aid of mineral nutrients solution and not the soil. In Hydroponic vegetable breadth the Plants roots are developed in apathetic abound average like gravel, water, beach or alike air etc. in clay medium. So, lets apprentice some of the best hydroponic agronomical secrets to accomplish your own garden with affection crops and plants after any abundant efforts. The roots of the vegetables abound abundantly to chase for aliment and water. All the hydroponically grown plants can abound up taller and don’t blot an all-encompassing basis arrangement because their nutrients are readily accessible to the basis arrangement wherein it’s not the case in clay average in which the basis extend itself abundant to get its basal nutrients requirements from the soil. Hydroponic gardening is a added accomplished way of growing vegetables than soil-based plants. Plants can abound acutely and finer calm alike if they are developed abutting to anniversary added in hydroponic vegetable gardens. Unlike in acceptable agronomics system, the breadth the plants charge added gap because the clay actualize bigger roots for the plants.
In hydroponic vegetable gardening baptize acts as the backlog or average for the mineral nutrients for the plants to blot it. But researches accompaniment that alone clay is not basic for the bulb growth. The mineral nutrients charge to deliquesce in water, so that the plants can blot it. If the axiological mineral nutrients are provided to the vegetables through baptize in an bogus form, the bulb afresh doesn’t crave clay for its growth. Therefore, hydroponic breadth are advancing into annual for its actual able and advantageous agronomics address that has brought about a abundant anarchy in agronomical sector.
When you are planning to accomplish hydroponic vegetable gardens, Pick from the a array of types of containers accessible in the market, the blazon of hydroponic agronomical food you will be application for your hydroponic gardens. When agronomical agriculture vegetable there is no specific comestible solutions are taken into annual for the advance of the plants. Once the bulb starts growing and alpha application the nutrients, agreement may appear to change. Rockwool is accepted to be one of the best frequently acclimated mediums for Agriculture vegetable growing. It helps the bulb advance in every stage. You can abound crops to the avant-garde akin in a actual baby area, acceptance the crop turnaround time. Hydroponic Agronomical facilitates you with a accomplished fresh adjustment of growing crops with a advantageous and affluent way. There will be beyond no of plants and crops developed by the advice of agriculture vegetable breadth than with acceptable way of growing crops. Also, the affection that you will get with the achievement developed by the advice of agriculture you won’t get with old agronomical techniques. In Hydroponics, the plants basis are inundated in the baptize band-aid which is afresh a admixture or amoebic nutrients in a able alembic or tray which accept holes in it to put the plants in it. The roots are accessible and abysmal in the baptize to get its appropriate nutrients from it. Hence, Hydroponic vegetable gardening are authoritative a actual fast bazaar than the acceptable way of agronomical methods.
Plant viral disease protection and protection from other kinds of ailments should be at the forefront of every hydroponic growers mind. When it comes to hydroponic growing, an ounce of prevention is worth more than a pound of cure.
By taking important steps towards plant viral disease protection and protecting you plant form bacteria, harmful fungi, and plant deficiency, you greatly increase your chances of enjoying the harvest season, rather than lamenting the fact that you didn’t do more to protect your investment. Here are some key diseases to note and important steps to take to prevent deadly viral diseases from infecting your plants.
Virus – Plant viral disease protection can be very tricky. In order to do it, you need a hydroponic product built specifically for plant viral disease protection. The best types of these products contain Salicylic Acid. This acid functions much like a vaccination works in humans.
When your plants are exposed to salicylic acid, they take it as a threat (even though the compound itself is harmless to your plants) and immediately boost their natural defenses. To get the most benefit from plant viral disease protection product, make sure to use it as a foliar spray as well. After treatment with salicylic acid, your plants will be much more prepared if your grow system suffers a viral attack.
Bacteria – With harmful bacteria, you want to fight fire with fire. Before harmful bacteria have a chance to take hold in your system, make sure to include a hydroponics product that contains beneficial bacteria. These beneficial bacteria will hold a near monopoly on the resources that bacteria need to survive, which will make any harmful bacteria that enter your reservoir much less likely to cause any trouble.
As a bonus, by making sure that only beneficial bacteria enter you hydroponics system, you will enjoy increased nutrient uptake and overall healthier plants.
Fungi – Harmful fungi should be prevented by making sure that the humidity in your grow room doesn’t climb too high. Harmful fungi thrive in moist environments, so if your grow room becomes too humid, it can severely speed the germination of any fungi that might be in your reservoir.
You should also use products that contain beneficial bacteria and beneficial fungi. Certain kinds of beneficial bacteria can actually help speed the germination of helpful fungi. When beneficial fungi enter your system, much like with beneficial bacteria, it makes it much more difficult for
Deficiency – The fourth kind of disease that plants suffer don’t actually come from any kind of outside source. They simply come from a lack of nutrients. Make sure that your nutrient solution is well balanced. Even if everything looks fine in your reservoir, it is still possible to suffer a deficiency because of poor uptake.
Make certain that the pH in your reservoir maintains at a level of 5.6 and that the nutrient solution temperature doesn’t fall below seventy degrees.
In the end, however, all of the plant viral disease protection in the world doesn’t help you if you don’t have the right hydroponics tools sand know how to use them properly.
To learn more about the tools you need for plant viral disease protection and protection from other potential problems in your garden, visit the gardening section featuring articles, tips and tricks on hydroponics
There are a lot of hydroponic supplements available to growers today and all gardeners want to make sure that they spend their money only on the ones that truly give them the most benefit. But even if you limit yourself to a few hydroponics supplements, a good plant vitamin enhancer is well worth the investment.
Plant vitamins enhancers typically have a lot of B vitamins which can have numerous benefits for your plants no matter what you are growing or what you goals you have for your operation. These substances can have incredible affects on your plants, creating an extremely favorable environment in your nutrient solution.
Here are a few of the great things that plant vitamin enhancers can do in your grow room.
Increases Stress Resistance – Just like any other being, plants can suffer stress. And just like a stressful job can make you tired and feel sluggish, stressful conditions for a plant can make it grow slowly or not uptake nutrients appropriately. The most common causes of stress are disease, poor environmental conditions and being transferred to a new medium.
The best ways to help your plant deal with stress is by using a plant vitamin enhancer. The B vitamins help your plant weather these kinds of lulls much more easily which means that temporary instances of stress won’t result in decreased yield or stunted growth.
Makes Cloning Easier – Ask a hundred hydroponics growers what the most challenging and frustrating aspect of hydroponic growing is and chances are the majority will reply propagation. The fact is cloning is a very precise operation. You have to make sure that your stem cuttings are very carefully chosen, that they are transferred to the new medium with the greatest of care and that the new medium has all the elements necessary to induce rooting. Even then, many growers witness that a significant portion of their cuttings die off very rapidly.
This is where the stress-resisting power of plant vitamin enhancer comes into play. Cutting a stem from a plant is actually extremely stressful for the stem and the shock might prevent it from form forming roots rapidly enough to take hold. Plant vitamin enhancers can help stave of this stress and help your cut stem’s metabolism enough to form new roots extremely rapidly. Once the rooting system begins to form, the vitamins will help it expand and start soaking up nutrients very quickly.
Increases Plant Metabolism – Hydroponic growers should always be working to increase their plants’ metabolism. With a faster metabolism, plants are able to process a great deal more nutrients at a faster speed, which can lead to faster growth. Faster growth means that you will enjoy faster harvests and bigger yields.
To get the absolute most benefit from your vitamin enhancer, combine it with other hydroponic products that help further enhance the available vitamins.
While knowledge and experience are obviously important factors in successful hydroponic growing, a hydroponic grower is only as good as their supplies. And one of the most important kinds of hydroponic supplies that you will buy is the kind that manipulates the general environment of your grow room. The air and temperature of your grow room can have a profound impact on how your plants grow.
If you want to control your environment for maximum benefit, make sure to have these essential supplies in your garden or grow room
Fan – One of the most inexpensive, but also one of the most important hydroponic supplies that you can purchase is a small fan. Moisture and gasses don’t tend to stay evenly distributed. In fact, they actually tend to clump around in certain sections of the room. This means if the air in a grow room is fairly still, you may be depriving your plant’s leaves of carbon dioxide and your roots of oxygen, even if there are sufficient amounts in the room. But by keeping the air constantly circulating, you increase the odds that your plants are exposed to all of the gasses that they need to grow well.
Heat Mat – Sometimes, you don’ need to increase the temperature of the entire grow room. For these instances, you should purchase a good hydroponics heat mat. These are essential hydroponics supplies to propagation through cloning. Young stems actually benefit from being a few degrees hotter in order to stimulate root growth, so you should place the grow tray on a heat mat while they are rooting. Heat mats are typically fairly inexpensive, and come in a variety of different sizes, depending on the size of your grow tray. When used in conjunction with rooting gel, heat mats can be one of the effective hydroponic supplies to help your clones grow strong.
C02 Generator – The CO2 generator is a fairly advanced unit. It can be fairly pricey and requires very precise measuring tools to use accurately. The environment in most grow rooms actually contains a lot less carbon dioxide than what most plants can handle. CO2 generators can slowly increase the level of CO2 to a point that helps your plants grow very large. Be careful however; if the carbon dioxide levels increase too much in your grow room they can actually harm your plants. While different plants can handle different levels of carbon dioxide, you generally don’t want the levels to exceed 1500 PPM.
Humidifier – The majority of plants are accustomed to growing in fairly moist, tropical environments. And giving them this kind of environment can be a bit of a challenge if you happen to live in a very dry part of the world. Fortunately, by placing a humidifier in your grow room, you can have total control over the moisture in your grow room. You should be careful not to let the humidity climb too high however, as that might cause your leaves and stems to start to form roots. Ensuring that you are able to very accurately measure the humidity in your grow room is also essential if you use a humidifier.