Hydroponics has many techniques and systems, which can be combined to cater to your plants’ requirements. Deep water culture (DWC) is a type of hydroponics system in which the plant roots are suspended and allowed to grow in an aerated nutrient medium in a deep or shallow reservoir.
For DWC, begin by germinating the seeds in rockwool cubes and simultaneously keep your DWC baskets ready with expanded clay pebbles. Fill the reservoir with enough nutrient solutions so that it can moist the clay medium. You have to make sure that the roots are being well established through the net pot. Allow this root system to hang for maximum absorption of oxygen along with optimum uptake of nutrients.
Hydroponics is a simple way of growing plants without using soil. Basically plants don’t need soil for growth but they need the nutrients present in the soil to grow faster. Almost any plant can be grown hydroponically, but plants like cucumber and beans are ideal and grow best using hydroponics. Hydroponic plants, if grown in large quantities, are generally grown in enclosed and climate regulated environment called hydroponics grow rooms.
Hydroponics grow room is basically an enclosed space that creates the best growing environment for the plants to grow without stress. This is the place where your hydroponic plants are to be placed. It provides safe and healthy growing atmosphere to the plants right from the beginning of the growth cycle. You can either purchase a ready-made hydroponics grow room from the market or you can make a customized one. With different types of tool and techniques available at home you can build your own hydroponics grow room.
You can easily build your own personalized hydroponics grow room based on your growing needs. However, keep the following in mind:
- Remove carpet from the grow room, because carpet can easily trap moisture and hydroponics generates a great deal of moisture. Moisture facilitates pests and pathogens to breed faster.
- Take poster boards and cut them into sheets in size larger than the windows of your grow room.
- Tape these poster boards over the window except one to allow light to travel during the late hours.
- Leave the uncovered window open and fix a fan. Now cover the same window with poster board with distracting the fan.
- Place a ducting in such position that one end is glued to the case of the fan and the other end is attached near the ceiling. This will help to expel excess heat in the grow room.
- It’s advisable to remove the door and cover the corner of the doorjamb with the blanket. Blanket will protect your room form light during the day and will now allow light to travel outside during the night time. It will also help suck in the cooler air to calm down the grow room.
- For lighting you can use 600 watt sodium grow lights with distance of 5 feet between every grow light.
- Place your hydroponics system right below the grow lights to get best results.
- Adjust the temperature to 75F at day time and 60F at night. This temperature is ideal for warm season crops. And, for cool season crops ideal temperature is 60F during the day and 50F during the night.
Hydroponics is essentially a branch of agriculture where you grow plants without soil. In place of soil you can use a nutrient solution which is prepared by dissolving nutrients in water. The nutrient solution gives your plants the nutrients that otherwise would be derived from soil. Etymologically, ‘hydroponics’ comes from the Greek words ‘hydro’ – water, and ‘ponos’ – work. Hydroponics is a technique of plant cultivation that primarily uses water as a base; or in other words, it is a soil-less cultivation process. In the absence of soil to source nutrients from, hydroponics uses methods like the nutrient film technique (NFT) to gather plant nutrition. Hydroponics does not mean your plants are left completely at the mercy of water. There are, of course, different types of growing media that you can use in place of soil, and tested hydroponics nutrients developed by companies who have years of proven success in developing these formulations. You can use hydroponic growing media like perlite, gravel, sand, coir among other materials in place of soil, depending on the crop you choose to grow hydroponically.
Hydroponics has countless benefits to offer to its growers. With the population soaring and arable land becoming more and more scarce and costly, this revolutionary technology is becoming increasingly popular. Plants can be grown in greenhouses, multilevel buildings, basement or rooftops. Rooftop gardening using hydroponics system is also becoming prevalent in bigger cities where the cost of procuring land is very high.
As the process of growing plants using hydroponics is easy and convenient, it is increasingly becoming easier to become an amateur grower. You grow more plants in the same surface area as compared to what you could grow using soil-based cultivation techniques. This is an eco- friendly technique which will help save water and you can even recycle it to save this priceless and limited resource. You can use hydroponic growing media like perlite, gravel, sand, coir among other materials in place of soil, depending on the crop you choose.
The yield from hydroponics is much higher – almost 30-35% more and the quality of food much better. With food shortage crises plaguing the world, hydroponics could be a plausible solution to the impending food scarcity. Since hydroponics takes up less space, it won’t interfere with existing green cover by decreasing forest space that might be converted to agricultural zones.
Moreover, hydroponics is not climate dependent and is most effective when the plants are grown indoors. Just because it’s winter, you need not let go of the opportunity to grow the tomatoes you love so much, lovingly sun-drying them later to use in warm offerings of food. You no longer have to spend time worrying about the right season and the right weather to grow your crops in. Hydroponic gardening liberates you from all those hitherto unavoidable natural weather conditions that prevented you from growing your choicest crops throughout the year.
This kind of gardening is best achieved if you grow your crops in an indoor grow room or a climate-controlled greenhouse. Using systems that deliver precise artificial light to your hydroponics garden and temperature mechanisms, you can simulate the heat and light conditions that plants might naturally grow in. Hydroponic gardening is fun because it gives you a great amount of control on what you grow and where you grow it. So jump on the hydroponics bandwagon as soon as you can!
It’s not easy to build all hydroponic systems at home with a small budget. An ideal hydroponics system should be able to easily transport water in your hydroponics garden. The cheapest and easiest hydroponics system is known as flooding system or also referred as the bucket system. All you need is a bucket, dishpan and a tube to build this most inexpensive hydroponics system. Ideal growing medium for flooding system would be perlite or gravel.
Simple steps to prepare a hydroponics system within your budget:
- Take a plastic container, preferably a dishpan, which has low sides and is 3 to 4 inches tall. Clean the container thoroughly.
- Now take a bucket that has capacity to hold 3 gallons of water. Remember, the bucket you select should be plastic so that you can easily cut it to make a hole.
- Use a plastic tube that is 3 to 4 feet long and 1/2 to 1 inch wide.
- Make a hole in the container as well as the bucket. The hole in the container should be on the shorter side with size suitable to insert the plastic tube. The hole should be 1/2 to 1 inch above the bottom of the container. Cut the hole of same size, i.e. of tube, in the side of the bucket that’s 1 to 2 inches above the bottom of the bucket.
- Now insert one end of the tube into the bucket and another end into the plastic container. To protect your system from any leakage, seal both the ends with aquarium cement.
- Place the container on a tabletop and fill it with perlite or any other suitable growing medium. And, place bucket next to the container table but on surface higher than the container table.
- Plant some seedlings and add some nutrient-enriched water solution into the plastic container to properly moisten the growing medium.
- Now lower the bucket and allow easy drainage of water from the container. This will help you to analyze the adequate amount of water you will need to avoid the problem of overwatering or under watering.
- After all the water is drained wait for 2 to 3 hours. Then again place the bucket higher than the container to drain all the water into the plastic container. Repeat the whole procedure of draining the water into the bucket in hydroponic system.
- Depending on the needs and quality of your growing medium raise and lower your bucket. Add more nutrient solution to the bucket every week and clean the water fully once a month for better results.
Read this one interesting article Hi-Rise Apartment Buildings as Hydroponics Gardens?
Watermelon, member of the Cucurbitaceae family, is the only fruit that contains high content of water (92% water). Since ancient times people ate watermelon to protect the body from losing necessary water at the time of water crises. It is the most refreshing and thirst quenching fruit available in all seasons. Watermelon can be wholly consumed, i.e., you can eat its rich red flesh, seeds and rind.
Commonly, seeds of all fruits and vegetables are either discarded or used to sow crops. Very few are acquainted with health benefits of watermelon seeds; they also have medicinal benefits. Its extract can be used as a home remedy to heal many health problems. Watermelon seeds can be transformed into beneficial seed oil also known as Kalahari oil which acts as a good moisturizer. These seeds have high nutritional value; they are rich in protein, iron, fats, and are great source of calories. They contain essential vitamins like thiamin and riboflavin. In many countries watermelon seeds are roasted and served as snacks, they are also used in soups. Besides its health benefits watermelon seeds can also be used for number of crafts; you can make seed necklace and beautiful watermelon seed mosaic!
Health Benefits of Watermelon
Watermelon as a food helps to speed the development of white blood cells in the body that helps to heal skin problems and it also urges the growth of new skin tissue. It helps to fight diseases like asthma, diabetes, andarthritis; it also helps control blood pressure and regulates heart beat therefore preventing heart strokes. It is a potassium-rich food that helps stimulate kidney action and increase the production of urine which helps exclusion of toxins and kidney stones; it also helps reduce age-related bone loss. Because watermelon contains 95% water it solves the problem of dehydration. It increases your immune system therefore protecting your body from allergies and infections. Watermelon is a natural source of Vitamin B6 which acts as an excellent energy booster. Watermelon if consumed after dinner can help improve sleep too!
A research concluded that watermelon is the richest source of lycopene (an antioxidant that fights UV-induced group of elements that are harmful to the skin) that helps reduce skin damage by 40%. It has been proven that men who ate lycopene-rich diet had much lower risk of developing certain cancers, especially prosrate cancer. Note, a watermelon with rich red flesh is an excellent source of lycopene.
Just like its flesh and seeds, watermelon juice also has health benefits. Watermelon juice is very beneficial during summers and while travelling to places where water is very precious.
Watermelon is very helpful for pregnant women; it eases common problems faced by pregnant women, for instance, heartburn and swelling. Because it has high water content and natural sugars it helps ease nausea; watermelon also helps develop baby’s vision, brain, nervous and immune system.
Here is the good news for people who are health conscious; who are always worried about the food they eat and the calories they consume; watermelon helps to kill appetite but in a good way. It is an excellent food for weight loss. Watermelon is highly recommended fruit by dieticians. It is a fat free fruit, low in calories and high in energy. This makes watermelon an ideal diet fruit!
Tips to Grow Bigger and Juicier Watermelon
If you wish to grow watermelon effortlessly and without any mess then hydroponics is an ideal method for you! Hydroponically grown watermelons are bigger and juicier. Watermelon being a heavy and bulky fruit needs lot of space and energy to grow efficiently. With hydroponics you can successfully build your personal watermelon garden. Hydroponics will help your plants to grow with precise supply of elements your plants need to grow faster, for instance, nutrients, lights, temperature, water and air. With the help of hydroponics you can easily grow bulky and bigger watermelons anywhere you want!
In the comestible blur technique, the roots of hydroponically developed plants are abysmal in a attenuate “film” of abounding water. The about artlessness of the comestible blur address makes it one of the best options for beginners. All that is absolutely appropriate to alpha up your own hydroponic garden is a small, affection NFT arrangement and a few acceptable NFT nutrients. But that does not accomplish it necessarily absolute and there are a few issues that should be addressed afore diving arch aboriginal in the comestible blur technique.!
Here are the best important things to accede back growing with NFT nutrients.!
Aeration – One of the added good apropos with the comestible blur address is befitting the NFT comestible band-aid appropriately aerated. Stagnant water, which has actual little oxygen, can absolutely abuse your roots. With no oxygen in the band-aid itself, the connected beck of baptize can absolutely account basis rot, and eventually abuse the advance of your plants. There are two capital solutions to this issue. The simplest way is to add some hydrogen achromatize to your comestible solution. While this does aerate your comestible solution, it kills off any amoebic life, which can be a botheration if you are application any benign bacilli or fungi products. A added good way is to aloof use an air pump that steadily pumps oxygen into the comestible solution. It requires you to acquirement one added allotment of equipment, but it takes affliction of the botheration with ease.!
A Little Abutment – The plants themselves accept little that acquiesce them to abutment themselves and accumulate upright, so you are activity to accept to acquisition some way to ensure that your plants don’t topple over. This can be abnormally problematic, as your plants abound actual ample and yielding. You may, in fact, accept to use nets, strings, or added methods of abutment in adjustment to anticipate your beyond plants from falling over. Be abiding to plan ahead, so that you don’t airing into your abound allowance one day to ascertain one added of your plants accept confused out of your abound tray.!
Prone to Disease – Since the roots are consistently abysmal in water, plants growing application NFT nutrients are a little added decumbent to diseases like pythium. The alone absolute way annul this is try and accomplish your plants as advantageous as possible. Use aerial affection NFT nutrients to ensure that your plants accept able allowed systems that can action off bacterial infections. You ability additionally accede abacus in a agriculture supplement that contains benign bacteria. With the attendance of benign bacteria, it makes it abundant beneath acceptable for adverse bacilli to booty authority in your reservoir.
Pump buildup/clogging – As with any agriculture system, you charge to consistently accomplish abiding that your pump is alive properly. If salts for the NFT nutrients body up in your pump, it can possibly compression off your plant’s accumulation of nutrients and moisture. Accumulate a abutting eye on this to ensure that every allotment of your arrangement is operating properly.!
As I mentioned before, the NFT address of agriculture agronomical is accessible to set up, simple to advance and gives you admirable plants at minimum cost. Plus you can abound and banquet on beginning herbs, vegetables or fruits year annular and brighten your apartment with ambrosial flowers every division after spending abundant money!
Most hydroponic growers are acutely depriving themselves of a shockingly accessible way to accomplish their comestible band-aid impressively able and effective. Humic acid, which is readily begin in abundant soil, can advice hydroponically developed plants accomplish the best use out of the nutrients they receive. But to acquaintance the best account from humic acid, you charge to accomplish abiding that you should booty added accomplish all-important to aerate its potential, such as:
Combine with Fulvic Acid – Both fulvic acid and humic acid assignment in agnate agency in the soil, but it is still best to amalgamate them. They action a bit abnormally at altered temperatures, so to accomplish abiding that your comestible band-aid is consistently actuality burst bottomward into genitalia that are added acquiescent for your plant, you charge to use both.
Experiment with Your Comestible Body – When you accept added aloof how finer your nutrients can be blood-soaked up by your roots, you may appetite to see if your bulb adeptness account anatomy a added abutting comestible solution.
As always, it is best to do this actual cautiously, accretion the body boring over time. If you access it too much, too quickly, you may accident adversity from comestible excesses.
Move Your Lights Closer to the Bulb – One of the added arresting aspects of humic acid is its adeptness to advice photosynthesis. Your bulb will be able to accomplish added able use of the light, which agency that it will be able to accomplish added or the carbohydrates that it needs to abound to its abounding potential.
But, obviously, the adeptness to use ablaze added calmly is absurd if your bulb is not able to accept a lot added ablaze to assignment with. After you accept your comestible band-aid optimized with humic acid, try abbreviating the ambit amid the bulb and ablaze to access the acuteness of the ablaze for your plants.
As always, however, you should accomplish assertive that you don’t abode it so abutting that it overheats or harms your plants. You may accede switching over to LED abound lights, which can aftermath actual acute ablaze with little heat.
Add Kelp Fertilizer as Able-bodied – The aggregate of humic acerbic and kelp fertilizer is one of the best able agency to organically advice your plants abound in a way that you adeptness accept never apparent before.
Kelp is one of the hardiest bacilli in the sea, and in adjustment to survive it has to abound rapidly and balance actual quickly. This agency that it has to aftermath a lot of hormones and vitamins that accomplish it one of the best rapidly growing algae in the world.
When these vitamins and hormones are added to your comestible solution, you can see faster growth, bigger yields, and convalescent plants.
Obviously, about these measures will alone advice your plants if your comestible band-aid is able-bodied balanced. Afore you add humic acid and booty these added accomplish to advance your nutrient, you should do aggregate you can to accomplish abiding that your comestible band-aid is absolutely optimized.
For added advice on humic acid and agency to accomplish an optimum comestible solution, amuse appointment www.advancednutrients.com
Good hydroponics growers see their reservoir like a pastry chef might see a mixing bowl. In the reservoir, a hydroponics gardener should work to carefully to reach an optimum balance of nutrients, vitamins, fertilizers and other supplements to help achieve maximum plant growth. A key ingredient for many reservoirs is kelp based fertilizer. It has several different kinds of nutrients and hormones that can help stimulate growth in a way that most other organic fertilizers cannot. But in order to get the most from your seaweed plant food, you have to give serious thought about what you will do to complement kelp’s plant growing properties. Here are a few ideas on how you can get the most out of this potent plant booster.
Humates – Humic and fulvic acid are an ideal addition to any nutrient solution, especially if you are using a kelp-based fertilizer. The materials in your nutrient solution are not going to be soaked up by your plant just because you put them in there. In order to truly maximize nutrient uptake, you need to do everything in your power to create a favorable environment for this. After doing the basic things that help ensure uptake, such as optimizing the pH balance and making sure that your nutrient solution is at an ideal temperature, you should take the extra step of adding humic and fulvic acid.
Guano – Guano and kelp are perhaps the most potent organic fertilizers available to hydroponic growers. Together, they make a very powerful combination. You should pay particular attention to what kind of bats your guano is derived from. Guano that comes from the kind of bats that prey on insects are very rich in the nutrient Nitrogen, which helps facilitate vegetative growth. Guano that comes from herbivorous bats is much more rich in phosphorus, which means it can better facilitate flowering and produce better tasting fruits and vegetables.
Beneficial Bacteria – Kelp based fertilizers, like all organic fertilizers, provide an ideal environment for beneficial bacteria to thrive. While it is certainly possible that these bacteria will form in your nutrient solution by themselves, they probably will not give the most benefit alone. The bacteria cultures that are built specifically for hydroponic systems contain much more effective strains than those that are typically found in nature. These “super strains” will help make nutrients more available, protect your plants form disease and encourage the germination of beneficial fungi much more effectively than average beneficial bacteria. While using bacteria, it is important to keep an air pump in your nutrient solution provide the cultures with oxygen and to cut down on the odors that bacteria can sometimes generate.
Bloom Booster – To give your plant that extra punch of organic nutrients, you should use a good bloom booster alongside your kelp fertilizer. These usually contain a variety of organic nutrients, such as alfalfa, fish base, and earthworm castings, and are designed specifically to help improve the taste and quality of produce.
In modern growing, a gardener has to rely on two things: his or her knowledge and proper tools. If you don’t have the knowledge on how to use your tools, obviously the tools are worthless. If you don’t have the proper tools to bring out the best in your garden, you won’t have the opportunity to use your knowledge.
This is one reason why every gardener, whether you grow hydroponically in a grow room or outdoors in soil, should always have some quality plant surfactant on hand. Plant surfactants reduce the surface tension of liquids. This very minor change in how your water and nutrient solution behaves can have profound effects on your plants.
Here are a few of the primary ways that gardeners can use plant surfactants to their benefit.
Increase Root Absorption – Any experienced hydroponic gardener knows that providing nutrients to your plants is not enough. You also need to ensure that you increase uptake sufficiently. Even a perfectly balanced nutrient solution is completely useless if your pH balance is off or your nutrient solution is too cold.
Similarly, your plants may not be getting all of the nutrients that they could be receiving if the surface tension of your nutrient solution is too high. By using a plant surfactant to reduce this surface tension, you help ensure that your plants get all of the nutrients that they need. A nutrient solution that is “thinner” can very easily pass into the roots.
Makes Herbicides more Effective – If you grow in an outdoor soil garden, this can be crucial. Every outdoor grower knows how frustrating it is to discover that your garden and the surrounding areas are overrun with weeds. For the sake of the safety of your plants, the first line of defense against weeds should always be hand weeding. This is labor intensive and there is never any guarantee that you are going to pull out the entire root by hand, but it reduces the risk of accidentally harming your plants.
In cases where a weed situation is so out of control that hand weeding just isn’t feasible, a gentle herbicide is your next best option. However, even this can be tricky if the herbicide runs off of the weeds you are trying to kill. Plant surfactants can help make sure that the herbicide you use coats the invading weed entirely.
Increase Foliar Feeding Success – Foliar sprays are a fantastic way to supplement your feeding schedule. But if the foliar fertilizer beads into small groups on your leaves rather than spreading evenly, your plant will not get the full benefit. A plant surfactant can increase the effectiveness of foliar feeding by several folds by ensuring an equal distribution of the fertilizer. This helps the stomata of your leaves get the most nutrients that they can possibly absorb.
Of course knowing how a plant surfactant is used is entirely different from knowing how to use a plant surfactant properly. Like with anything else, you should get educated about plant surfactants to make sure that your investment in them does not go to waste.
To learn more about plant surfactants and the ways that they can help your garden, visits www.advancednutrients.com
When you start growing hydroponically, the very first thing you should do is make certain that you have a good nutrient solution for your specific needs. But after you have met this very basic requirement, what else are you going to do to get the most out of your plants? If you really want to experience bigger yields, you should look to hydroponic supplements. These products are designed to complement your hydroponic nutrients and help your plants grow to their full potential.
If you think have already perfected that balance in your hydroponics nutrients and are ready to take your plants to the next level, consider these popular supplements.
B Vitamins – One of the smartest supplements that you can purchase with your hard money is a good B vitamin solution. B vitamins can help make the most of your hydroponics nutrients in part because rapid growth can be very stressful for plants. These “growing pains” might cause plants to grow a little less than their full potential, even if your hydroponics nutrients are well balanced. A good injection of these B vitamins can severely reduce stress and cause your growth to skyrocket. Many hydroponics companies even give you the option of using hydroponic B vitamins that come from organic or synthetic sources, which allows you to benefit if you choose to grow hydro-organically.
Beneficial Bacteria – The natural growing environment for plants isn’t sterile, so neither should be your reservoir. Beneficial bacteria can help you make the absolute best use of your hydroponics nutrients, particularly nitrogen. Nitrogen by itself isn’t really all that useful to your plants. It first must be “fixed” into a form that your plants can absorb it. The best way to do this is by adding in some carefully chosen bacteria. These micro organisms have a ton of other benefits as well, such as making your plants less disease prone. By taking up all the resources that bacteria need to survive, it decreases the odds that your system will be infested by harmful fungi.
Beneficial Fungi – Another popular supplement is beneficial fungi. This is another biological agent that is naturally found in fertile soil. Certain species of fungi can help break down the nutrients that your plants use. In addition, the presence of beneficial fungi reduces the odds that harmful fungi will take root and harm your plants, much for the same reason that beneficial bacteria makes your plants safer from disease.
Kelp – If you are looking for a totally natural and organic way to supplement and help the effectiveness of your hydroponics nutrients, look no further than kelp plant food. Kelp, because it is forced to grow in one of the least hospitable and most volatile places one earth, has evolved a great number of ways to stay healthy and strong even in the worst conditions. By condensing all of the hormones and vitamins that make kelp grow at extraordinary rates in to a plant food that you can use with your hydroponically grown plants, you can help experience tremendous growth.